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Hungary Military

The Hungarian Armed Forces currently has two branches, the Hungarian Ground Force and the Hungarian Air Force. The Hungarian Ground Force is known as the "Corps of Homeland Defenders" (Honvédség). This term was originally used to refer to the revolutionary army established by Lajos Kossuth and the National Defence Committee of the Revolutionary Hungarian Diet in September 1848 during the Hungarian Revolution. The term 'Honvédség' is the name of the military of Hungary since 1848 referring to its purpose (véd in Honvéd) of defending the country. The Hungarian Army is called Magyar Honvédség. The Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Legiero) is the air force branch of the Hungarian Army.

Since 2007, the Hungarian Defence Forces is under a unified command structure. The Ministry of Defence maintains the political and civil control over the army. The military leadership is exercised by the Defence Staff of the Ministry of Defence. A subordinate Joint Forces Command is coordinating and commanding the HDF corps.

Hungary became a member of NATO on March 12, 1999. Hungary provided airbases and support for NATO's air campaign against Serbia and has provided military units to serve in Kosovo as part of the NATO-led KFOR operation. Hungary has sent a 300 strong logistics unit to Iraq in order to help the US occupation with armed transport convoys, though public opinion opposed the country's participation in the war; all troops have returned from Iraq as of mid-January 2005. Hungarian troops are still in Afghanistan as of early 2005 to assist in peace-keeping mission.


Military branches
Ground Forces, Hungarian Air Force (2009)

Military service age and obligation
18-50 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; 6-month service obligation (2008)

Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 2,391,400
females age 16-49: 2,337,240 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 1,887,755
females age 16-49: 1,934,019 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 60,248
female: 57,280 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures
1.75% of GDP (2005 est.)