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Hungary Geography
 
 
 

Hungary is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, with an area of 93,030 sq km (35,919 sq mi), extending 268 km (167 mi) north to south, and 528 km (328 mi) east to west. Comparatively, the area occupied by Hungary is slightly smaller than the state of Indiana, USA. It is bounded on the north by Slovakia, on the northeast by the Ukraine, on the east by Romania, on the south by Serbia and Montenegro and Croatia, on the southwest by Slovenia, and on the west by Austria, with a total boundary length of 2,171 km (1,349 mi). Hungary's capital city, Budapest, is located in the north central part of the country.

About 84% of Hungary is below 200 m (656 ft) in altitude, its lowest point, at the Tisza River, being 78 m (256 ft) above sea level and the highest being Mt. Kékes (1,014 m/3,327 ft) in the Mátra Mountains, northeast of Budapest. The country has four chief geographic regions: Transdanubia (Dunántúl), the Great Plain (Alföld), the Little Plain (Kisalföld), and the Northern Mountains. Hungary's river valleys and its highest mountains are in the northeast. Generally, the soil is fertile. The chief rivers are the Danube (Duna) and Tisza. The largest lake is Balaton, which has an area of 601 sq km (232 sq mi).

Hungary has a continental climate, with cold winters and warm to hot summers. The average annual temperature is about 10°C (50°F), in summer 27 to 35°C (81 to 95°F), and in winter 0 to -15°C (32 to 5°F), with extremes ranging from about 42°C (108°F) in summer to -29°C (-20.2°F) in winter. Average yearly rainfall is about 600 mm (23.6 in). Distribution and frequency of rainfall are unpredictable. The western part of the country usually receives more rain than the eastern part, where severe droughts may occur in summertime. Weather conditions in the Great Plain can be especially harsh, with hot summers, cold winters, and scant rainfall.

Overview

Location
Central Europe, northwest of Romania

Geographic coordinates
47 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references
Europe

Area
total: 93,028 sq km
land: 89,608 sq km
water: 3,420 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Indiana, USA

Land boundaries
total: 2,185 km
border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia 166 km, Slovakia 676 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

Coastline
0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims
none (landlocked)

Climate
temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers


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